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Articles Home » Eastern Diamondback Articles » Rattlesnake Toxinology
Rattlesnake Toxinology
Toxinology



Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake venom is extremely potent, and delivered in copious quantities. The venom may contain as many as 95 different proteins and enzymes. These compounds include neurotoxins, myotoxins, procoagulants, platelet aggregation inhibitors, hemorrhagins, nephrotoxins, cardiotoxins, necrotoxins, and many other compounds.



Venom Quantity370 to 720 mg ( dry weight ), U.S. Dept. Navy (1968)
410 mg ( dry weight of milked venom ), Broad et al (1979)
250 to 500 mg ( dry weight ), Minton (1974)



Less than 1% of bites by Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnakes are fatal when treated. Untreated mortality rate is between 10% and 20% (source: www.toxinology.com)
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